##  Also, Read Circle theorems and Properties

## Circle:

At this stage, we study plane figures which are in 2 dimensions. Circle is one of them. Circle is said to be an important part of geometry because it has a wide range of applications. When we see around many objects have circular portion. Take an example of a water bottle, from its cover to bottom it is circular. To make it, there must be requirement of knowledge of circle and circle formulas.

## Definition of circle:

We can define circle as closed figure round in shape. Or,

Circle is a collection of points which is equidistant from a given fixed point. Or,

Circle is a curve which follows a path which is all round equidistant from a fixed point.

## Terms used in circle:

Radius: The line segment joining the centre to any point on the circle.

Diameter: The line segment joining two points on the circle and passes through centre is called diameter. Or, say the longest chord of circle.

Chord: The line segment joining any two point on the circle is called chord.

Arc: A part of circumference of circle whose end points joined by chord. Smaller part is minor arc and larger part is major arc.

Sector: The space covered by arc and two radius in a circle is Sector.

Tangent: A straight line which only touches the circle and is in the plane of circle.

Circumference: The length of curved path of circle is called circumference.

## Circle Formulas:

r is symbol for radius of circle.

d is symbol for diameter of circle.

c is symbol for circumference of circle.

Circle formulas are:

1. Diameter of circle = 2r
2. Circumference of circle = 2πr (where π = $$\frac{22}{7}$$)
3. Area of circle = πr2

Extended circle formulas:

1. Length of arc = $$\frac{ϴ}{360⁰}$$ x 2πr (where ϴ = angle subtended by arc at centre)
2. Area of sector = $$\frac{ϴ}{360⁰}$$ x πr2 (where ϴ = angle subtended by sector at centre)

## Examples of circles:

1. If the diameter of a circle is 14 cm, Find the area of circle.

Solution:

D = 2r
r = D/2
r = 7 cm
Area = πr2
Area= $$\frac{22}{7}$$x 72
=
154 cm2

1. If circumference of circle is 308cm. Find the area of circle.

Solution:

Circumference = 2πr = 308 cm
r = $$\frac{308}{2π}$$ = 49
Area = πr2
=
$$\frac{22}{7}$$ x (49)2 = 7546 cm2

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