The initial move towards your preparation for NEET Exam 2024 is to comprehend the syllabus of NEET and furthermore the NEET Exam Pattern 2024. Candidates who are taking up the NEET exam 2024 must know about Syllabus to clear the exam on the first attempt. This exam is held for entrance into MBBS, BDS, medical, and paramedical programs that are offered by different colleges in India. NEET Syllabus is determined by the Medical Council of India.
Along these lines, to assist the NEET applicants with it, we are giving all the essential information with respect to Syllabus for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Applicants ought to have a copy of the NEET Syllabus to study in Offline mode too.
NEET syllabus 2024 is a mix of Class 11 and Class 12. We have recorded the syllabus subject-wise given beneath to make it simpler and clear for the candidates.
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SYLLABUS FOR NEET (UG) – 2024
UNIT I: PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT
Units of measurements. System of Units, S I Units, fundamental and derived units, least count. significant figures, Errors in measurements , Dimensions of Physics quantities. dimensional analysis, and its applications.
UNIT 2: KINEMATICS
The frame of reference, motion in a straight line. Position- time graph. speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion. average speed and instantaneous velocity. uniformly accelerated motion. velocity-time, position-time graph, relations lor uniformly accelerated motion- Scalars and Vectors. Vector. Addition and subtraction, scalar and vector products. Unit Vector. Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity. Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion. Uniform Circular Motion.
UNIT3: LAWS OF MOTION
Force and inertia, Newton’s First law of motion: Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion, Impulses: Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, law of friction. rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications: vehicle on a level circular road. vehicle on a banked road.
UNIT 4: WORK, BNERGY, AND POWER
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies. work-energy theorem, power.
The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy. conservative and nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle: Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
UNIT5: ROTATIONAL MOTION
Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body: Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications;
The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. and their applications. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion , comparison of linear and rotational motions.
UNIT 6: GRAVITATION
The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s law oi planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Motion of a satellite, orbital velocity, time period and energy of satellite.
UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS
Elastic behavior’s, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law. Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
Viscosity. Stokes’ law. terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow. critical velocity
Bernoulli’s principle and its applications.
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfers conduction, convection, and radiation.
UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS
Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work, and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.
The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.
UNITT 9: KIIIETIC THEORY OF GASES
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy and applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro’s number.
UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AI\D WAVES
Oscillations and periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period:
Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of travelling wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics- Beats.
UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS
Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb’s law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field’ Electric flux’ Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged
straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges potential deference, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
conductors and insulators. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitances,, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.
UNIT 12: CURRENT ELECTRICITY
Electric current. Drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current. Ohms law. Electrical resistance. v-l characteristics of ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power’ Electrical resistivity and conductivity. Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperatures dependence of resistance.
Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. wheat stone bridge. Metre Bridge.
UNIT 13: MAGNETIC ETFECTS OF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM
Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid. magnetic field lines; Magnetic field due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) among its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform- magnetic field. para-dia- and ferromagnetic substances with examples, effect of temperatures on magnetic properties.
UNIT I4: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTI,N AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS
Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mudar inductance. Alienating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance: power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.
UNIT 15: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.
UNIT l6: OPTICS
Reflection of light, spherical minors, morror formula. Refraction of right at plane and spherical surfaces, thin lens formula and lens maker formula. Total internal reflection and its applications. Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction of light through a prism. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroid.
UNIT 17: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER AND RADIATION
Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation..
UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEI
Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels’ hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.
UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES
Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.. Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR).
UNIT 20: EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:
1. Vernier calipers-its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire’
3. Simple pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.
4. Metre Scale – the mass of a given object by the principle of moments’
5. Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire’
6. Surf ace tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents,
7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
8. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube,
9. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
10. The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge’
11. The resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law’
12. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
13. The focal len4h of;
(i) Convex mirror
(ii) Concave mirror, and
(iii) Convex lens, using the parallax method.
14. The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism’
15. Refractive index of a glass slab Usinq a travelling microscope.
16. characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
17. characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
18- Identification of Di.de. LED,. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items
UNIT 1: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS IN CHEMISTRY
Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element. and compound: Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and stoichiometry.
UNIT 2: ATOMIC STRUCTURE
Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom. Bohr model of a hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de Broglie’s relationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of Y and Y2 with r for ls and 2s orbitals:
quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p, and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle. Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals’
UNIT 3: CHEMICAL BONDINC AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE
Kossel: Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds’
Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
covalent Bonding: concept of electronegativity. Fajan’s rule, dipole moment: valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion(VSEPR)theory and shapes of simple molecules.
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory – its important features. the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance’
Molecular orbital Theory: Its important features. LCAOs, ‘types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy’
UNIT 4: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS
Fundamentals of thermodynamics: system and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties’ state functions, types of processes’
The first law of thermodynamics – concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat. capacity; Hess, slaw of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond 6 dissociation, combustion’ formation, atomization. sublimation. phase transition, hydration. ionization. and solution.
The second raw of thermodynamics – Spontaneity of processes: AS of the universe and AC of the system as criteria for spontaneity. AG” (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
UNIT 5: SOLUTIONS
Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution – morality, molarity, more fraction. percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and raoult’s law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions: colligative properties of dilute solutions – a relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression or mass freezing point’ the elevation of. boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular significance. using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its
UNIT 6: EQUILIBRIUM
Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium.
Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid liquid, liquid – gas and solid gas equilibria, Henry’s law. general characteristics of equilibrium involving physicals process.
Equilibrium involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium and K”) and their significance, the significance of AG and AG in chemical factors affecting equilibrium, concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of catalyst; Le Ch atelier’s the effect of principle.
Ionic equilibrium: weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concept of acids and bases(Arrhenius. Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constant, ionization of water. PH scale, communion, hydrolysis of salt and PH of their solution, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solution.
UNIT7: REDOX REACTIONS AND ELECTRO CHEMISTRY
Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reaction, rule’s for
assigning oxidation reactions, oxidation number, balancing of redox reaction.
Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance and their in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.
Electrochemical cells: Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reaction, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its application; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.
UNIT 8: CHEMICAL KINETICS
Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, pressure’ and temperature. catalyst: elementary and complex reaction order and molecularity of reactions. rate constant and its units, deferential and integral forms of zero and first-order reactions. their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions. Arrhenius theory. activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
UNIT 9: CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES
Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table. s, p. d and f block elements- periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii. ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy)’. valence. oxidation states. and chemical reactivity’
UNIT 10: P- BLOCK ELEMENTS
Group -13 to Groups 18 Elements
General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behavior’s of the first element in each Group.
UNIT 11: D and F- BLOCK ELEMENTS
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first. row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states. atomic radii. colour, catalytic behaviors’. magnetic properties, complex formation. interstitialcompounds.alloyfbrmation:Preparation,properties,andusesofKzCrzol.and
lnner Transition Elements
Actinoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states’
UNIT l2: CO-ORDINATION COMPOUNDS
denticity. chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds’ isomerism:Bonding.ValencebondapproachandbasicideasofCrystaltieldtheory,colourandmagnetic properties; importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis. extraction of metals and in biological systems)’
UNIT 13: PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERISATION OF ORGANIC COMPOIJNDS
Purification – Crystallization. sublimation’ distillation, differential extraction, and
chromatography – principles and their applications’.
Qualitative analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulphur’ phosphorus’ and halogens.
Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon. hydrogen. nitrogen. halogens. Sulphur. phosphorus. calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical problem’s in organic quantitative analysis.
UNIT I4:SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p): classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogen oxygen, nitrogen and Sulphur; Homologous series: Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.
Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)
Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals. carbocations. and carbanions: stability of carbocations and free radicals. electrophiles and nucleophiles.
Electronic displacement in a covalent bond
– Inductive effect, electrometric effect. resonance. and hyperconjugation.
Common types of organic reactions- Substitution. addition. eliminator, and rearrangement.
UNITS 15: HYDROCARBONS
Classification’ isomerism. IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.
Alkanes – Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane): Mechanism halogenation of alkanes.
Alkenes – Geoelectrical isomerism: Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen. halogens, water. hydrogen halides (Markownikoffs and peroxide effect):
ozonolysis and Polymerization.
Alkynes – Acidic character: Addition of hydrogen. halogens. water. and hydrogen hardies: Polymerization.
Aromatic hydrocarbons – Nomenclature. benzene – structure and aromaticity: Mechanism of substitution: halogenation, nitration.
Friedel – craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in mono- substituted benzene.
UNIT l6: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS
General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C_X bond: Mechanisms substitution reactions.
Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT.
UNIT 17: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN
General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.
ALCOHOLS, PIIENOLS, AND ETHERS
Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols: mechanism of dehydration.
Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. nitration and sulphonating. Reimer – Tieman reaction.
Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >c=O group’ relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. NH:. and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (wolf Kishner and clemmensen); the acidity of cr.-hydrogen. aldol condensatiorl canniz.zaro
eaction. Haloform reaction, Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones’
Acidic strength and factors affecting it’
UNIT I8: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN
General methods of preparation. Properties, reactions, and uses’
Amines: Nomenclature, classification structure, basic character, and identification of
primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character’
Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry’
UNIT 19: BIOMOLECULES
General introduction and importance biomolecules’
CARBOHYDRATES – classification; aldoses and ketoses: monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose)’
PROTEINS:ElementaryIdeaofo.anrinoacids,peptidebond,polypeptides.Proteins:primary. secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative Idea only), denaturation of proteins’ enzymes.
VITAMINS – Classification and functions’
NUCLEIC ACIDS – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA’
Biological functions of nucleic acids’
Hormones (General introduction)
UNIT 20: PRINCIPLES RELATED TO PRACTICAI, CHEMISTRY
Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, Sulphur, halogens) inorganic compounds; Detection of the following functional group., hydroxyl ( alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds’
- The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt. potash alum’
Organic compounds: Acetanilide. p-nitro acetanilide’ aniline yellow” iodoform’
- The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises – Acids. bases and the use of indicators. oxalic Cid vs KMnO4+. Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
- Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
pb2+. cu2+. Alr*, Fe3*. zn2r, Ni2*, c02*, Ba2*, Mg2-. NHi
Anions- COj-, SL.SO|-. \o3′. No2-, CI-, Br-. I-( Insoluble salts excluded).
Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:
1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
2. Enthalpy of neutralization of sarong acid and strong base.
3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
4. Kinetic study of the reaction iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperatures.
UNIT 1: Diversity in Living World
- What is living?: Biodiversity; Need for classification;; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature.
- Five kingdom classification: salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups: Lichensl Viruses and Viroids.
- Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category).
- Salient features and classification of animals-non chordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples).
UNIT 2: Structural Organization in Animals and Plants
- Morphology and modifications: Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and racemose, flower’ fruit and seed 1To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus) Family (malvaceous, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Compositae, gramine).
- Animal tissues: Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (Frog)’ (Brief account only).
UNIT 3: Cell Structure and Function
- cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life: Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope’ cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum’ Golgi bodies’ lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton’ cilia flagella centrioles (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane’ chromatin, nucleolus.
- chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates. lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-rypes, properties’ enzyme action’ classification and nomenclature of anzymes
- B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance’.
UNIT 4: Plant Physiology
- Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of
photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary-.idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration c3 and c4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
- Respiration: Exchange gases; cellular respiration-glycolysis. fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations- Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
- Plant growth and development: Seed germination; phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA;
UNIT 5: Human Physiology
- Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthm4 Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
- Body fluids and circulation: composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output. ECG Dauber circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
- Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and faction; Urine formation, osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor’ ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uremia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Diaresis and artificial kidney.
- Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, flagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
- Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse;
- Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, Thyroid, parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and rerated disorders (common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease).
(imp: Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief.)
UNIT 6: Reproduction
- Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
- Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilization, embryo development up to blastocyst formation, implantation: Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
- Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually
transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and
Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; lnfertility and assisted
reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).
UNIT 7: Genetics and Evolution
- Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance; Deviations from Mentalism Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-l-n humans’ birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Hemophilia colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Tomer’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
- Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation- Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing, protein biosynthesis.
- Evolution: Origin of life: Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modem Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.
UNIT 8: Biology’ and Human Welfare
- Health and Disease: Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm, dengue, chikungunya); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse. Tobacco abuse
- Microbes in human welfare: In house hold food processing, lndustrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
UNIT 9: Biotechnology and its Applications
- Principle’s and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
- Application of Biotechnology health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gens therapy Cinematically modified :organisms-Br crops: Transgenic Animals’ Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.
UNIT l0: Ecology and Environment
- Organisms and environment Population intinctions: mutualism, competition. predation, parasitism Population attributes-growth. birth rate ad death rate, age distributions.
- Ecosystem: Patters, components; productivity and decomposition: Energy flow: Pyramids of number, biomass. energy
- Biodiversity and its conservation: concept of Biodiversity; patterns of Biodiversity: Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms. extinction; Red Data Book. biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries, Sacred Groves.
|NEET Crash Course 2024|
If you follow this Syllabus honestly. Sure, you will be Qualify this NEET Exam 2024 on the first attempt.
“Best of Luck”
FAQs for NEET syllabus 2024
- Any changes are done in NEET Syllabus 2024?
Ans: – No changes in NEET Syllabus 2024. The same syllabus will come in this year’s NEET Exam.
- What is the distribution of Questions in the Biology section in the NEET Syllabus 2024?
Ans: – Biology is Separated into 2 parts: Zoology and Botany. Each part has 45 Questions, so 90 questions will be in NEET 2023 Question paper from the Biology section.
- What is the distribution of Questions in the Chemistry section in the NEET Syllabus?
Ans: – Chemistry is separated into three sections: Physical, Organic, and Inorganic. Each segment has 45 Questions. The all-out 45 questions will be in the NEET Question paper from the Chemistry area.
- What is the distribution of Questions in the Physics section in the NEET Syllabus?
Ans: – The all-out 45 questions will be in the NEET Question paper from the Physics area.