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Class 11 MCQ Questions of Plant Kingdom with Answers

The students who are targeting NEET exam and Board exams should prepare for all the important chapters of syllabus to secure highest marks in examinations. The important Class 11 Biology MCQ Questions of the Plant Kingdom with Answers planned by Sarthaks eConnect is quite possibly the most solid study material as it covers every one of the significant sections which are in the prospectus. Additionally, these significant MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology are prepared by examining the earlier year’s Questions papers and considering the weightage of every section in the syllabus.

The plant kingdom comprises 390,000 species known till date. The plant kingdom is partitioned into five significant groups:

  • Thallophyta
  • Bryophyta
  • Pteridophyta
  • Gymnosperms
  • Angiosperms

Given beneath are MCQ Questions on the Plant Kingdom which will assist you with analyzes your understanding the topics. The appropriate responses are likewise accommodated reference –

Practice MCQ Questions for class 11 Biology

1.  An evolutionary important character of Selaginella is

(a) Strobili
(b) Rhizophore
(c) Heterosporous nature
(d) Ligule

2. The exine of pollen grain comprises

(a) Pectin and cellulose
(b) Lignocellulose
(c) Pollenkit
(d) Sporopollenin

3. Which one is responsible for the formation of peat?

(a) Riccia
(b) Sphagnum
(c) Marchantia
(d) Funaria

4. The cell wall of Spirogyra contains

(a) Cellulose
(b) Chitin
(c) Lignin
(d) Suberin

5. Conifers can tolerate extreme environments because of

(a) Presence of vessels
(b) Thick cuticle
(c) Superficial stomata
(d) Broad hardy leaves

6. Rhodophyceae is called red algae because of the pigment

(a) Fucoxanthin
(b) Phycoerythrin
(c) Carotenoids
(d) Chlorophyll c

7. Isogamous condition with non-flagellated gametes is found in

(a) Chlamydomonas
(b) Spirogyra
(c) Volvox
(d) Fucus

8. Iodine is found in

(a) Spirogyra
(b) Laminaria
(c) Polysiphonia
(d) Chlorella

9. Lichens show

(a) Symbiosis
(b) Commensalism
(c) Parasitism
(d) Cooperation

10. Protonema stage is found in

(a) Green algae
(b) Liverworts
(c) Ferns
(d) Mosses.

11. Change in colour of algae according to depth in the sea is called:

(a) Bohr’s effect
(b) Gaudikov’s effect
(c) Fogg’s effect
(d) Pasteur effect

12. Transgenic plants are the ones

(a) Grown in artificial medium after hybridization in the field
(b) Produced by a somatic embryo in artificial medium
(c) Generated by introducing foreign DNA in to a cell and regenerating a plant from that cell
(d) Produced after protoplast fusion in artificial medium

13. Sporophyte of riccia is made of

(a) Capsule only
(b) Foot, seta, and capsule
(c) Seta and capsule
(d) Foot and capsule.

14. Bryophytes are dependent on water because

(a) the sperms can easily reach up to eggs in the archegonium.
(b) water is essential for their vegetative propagation.
(c) water is essential for fertilization for their homosporous nature.
(d) archegonium has to remain filled with water for fertilization

15. Floridean starch is found in

(a) Rhodophyceae
(b) Chlorophyceae
(c) Phaeophyceae
(d) Cyanophyceae

16. Laminaria (kelp) and Fucus (rockweed) are the examples of

(a) brown algae
(b) green algae
(c) golden brown algae
(d) red algae

17. How many meiotic divisions would be required to produce 101 female gametophytes in an angiosperm?

(a) 101
(b) 127
(c) 26
(d) None of these.

18. Which one of the following is the major difference between mosses and ferns?

(a) Sporophytes of ferns live much longer as compared to the sporophytes of mosses.
(b) Vascular bundles of ferns show xylem vessels while those of mosses lack it
(c) Mosses are facultative aerobes while ferns are obligate aerobes.
(d) Ferns lack alternation of generation while mosses show the same.

19. Which one has the largest gametophyte? 

(a) Cycas 
(b) Angiosperm
(c) Selaginella 
(d) Moss

20. In Ulothrix / Spirogyra, reduction division (meiosis) occurs at the time of 

(a) gamete formation
(b) zoospore formation
(c) zygospore germination
(d) vegetative reproduction

21.The ‘wing’ of Pinus seed is derived from

(a) testa
(b) testa and tegmen
(c) surface of ovuliferous scale
(d) All of the above.

22. Agar is commercially obtained from 

(a) red algae
(b) green algae
(c) brown algae
(d) blue-green algae

23.Cephaleuros, which causes “Red rust of tea” is a:

(a) Red Algae
(b) Brown Algae
(c) Dinoflagellate
(d) Green Algae

24. Double fertilisation is exhibited by

(a) gymnosperms
(b) algae
(c) fungi
(d) angiosperms

25.In bryophytes and pteridophytes, transport of male gametes requires

(a) insects
(b) birds
(c) water
(d) wind


1. Answer: (c) Heterosporous nature

Explanation: Evolutionary important character of Selaginella is heterosporous nature. Selaginella produces two types of spores microspores and megaspores. Heterospory in the life cycle of Selaginella leads to the formation of seed habit.

2. Answer: (d) Sporopollenin

Explanation: While the exine is composed of sporopollenin, a complex and highly resistant biopolymer containing fatty acids, phenylpropanoids, phenolics, and carotenoids, the intine is largely composed of pectin and cellulose.

3. Answer: (b) Sphagnum

Explanation: Peat is mainly an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter and Sphagnum accumulations can store water since both living and dead plants can hold large quantities of water and living matter (like meat eggs) for long-distance transport inside their cells hence, it is responsible for peat formation.

4. Answer: (a) Cellulose

Explanation:  The cell wall consists of an inner layer of cellulose and an outer layer of pectin, which is responsible for the slippery texture of the algae. Spirogyra species can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Asexual, or vegetative, reproduction occurs by simple fragmentation of the filaments.

5. Answer: (b) Thick cuticle

Explanation: Conifers (Gymnosperms) are adapted to tolerate extreme environmental conditions because of the thick cuticle, sunken stomata, and needle-like leaves.

6. Answer:(b) Phycoerythrin

Explanation: Red algae are red because of the presence of the pigment phycoerythrin; this pigment reflects red light and absorbs blue light.

7. Answer: (b) Spirogyra

Explanation:Spirogyra comprise isogamous gametes (similar in size), they are non-flagellated. In Fucus and Volvox, motile male gametes and non-motile female gametes are produced.

8. Answer: (b) Laminaria

Explanation: Brown algae or phaeophyceae are marine algae as they live in seawater. Laminaria is a brown algae and we obtain Iodine from it. Brown algae contains photosynthetic pigments like chlorophyll a, chlorophyll c, carotenoids, and xanthophylls.

9. Answer: (a) Symbiosis

Explanation: Lichens are the symbiotic association linking algae and fungi. The algae benefit their fungal partner by producing organic food compounds through photosynthesis. In return, the fungal partner benefits the algae or cyanobacteria by protecting them and gathering moisture and nutrients from the environment.

10. Answer: (d) Mosses.

Explanation: The protonema, which grows directly from the germinating spore, is in most mosses an extensive, branched system of multicellular filaments that are rich in chlorophyll. This stage initiates the accumulation of hormones that influence the further growth of newly formed cells.

11. Answer: (b) Gaudikov’s effect

Explanation:  Colour of blue-green algae changes according to depth in the sea this is called as Gaudikov’s effect. Under normal conditions of growth and almost steady light intensities, their color remains the same, however, as the intensities if the light change or vary they exhibit a drastic change in color.

12. Answer: (c) Generated by introducing foreign DNA in to a cell and regenerating a plant from that cell.

Explanation: Transgenic plants are the ones, whose DNA is modified using genetic engineering techniques. The aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species. A transgenic plant contains a gene or genes that have been artificially inserted.

13. Answer: (a) Capsule only

Explanation:The sporophyte of Riccia is the simplest amongst bryophytes. It consists of only a capsule, missing both foot and seta, and does not perform photosynthesis.

14. Answer: (a) the sperms can easily reach up to eggs in the archegonium.

Explanation: Bryophytes are called amphibians of the plant kingdom because they complete their vegetative phase on land but water is necessary for their reproductive phase. Water helps in the maturation and dehiscence of sex organs in bryophytes.

15. Answer: (a) Rhodophyceae

Explanation: Floridean starch is a type of storage glucan found in glaucophytes and in red algae (also known as rhodophytes), in which it is usually the primary sink for fixed carbon from photosynthesis.

16. Answer: (a) brown algae

Explanation: Laminaria (Kelp) and Fucus( Rockweed) are examples of Brown Algae. They both are marine algae. Laminaria is commonly called kelp. This is an example of brown algae it grows in deep coastal waters.

17. Answer: (a) 101

Explanation: One meiotic division produces one matured female gametophyte in an angiosperm. Hence, 101 meiotic divisions are required to produce 101 female gametophytes in an angiosperm.

18. Answer: (a) Sporophytes of ferns live much longer as compared to the sporophytes of mosses.

Explanation: In mosses, sporophytes lack chlorophyll and depend on the photosynthetic gametophyte for food, whereas, in ferns, sporophyte stage has true roots, stem, and leaves and does not depend on the gametophyte. Sporophytes of ferns live much longer as compared to the sporophytes of mosses.

19. Answer: (d) Moss

Explanation: Moss has the largest gametophyte. Mosses are small, soft plants that are typically 1 -10 cm tall, some species are much larger. They commonly grow close together in clumps or mats in damp or shady locations.

20. Answer: (c) zygospore germination

Explanation: In Ulothrix/Spirogyra, meiosis takes place at the time of zygospore germination. It takes place when (+) and (-) plants/filaments result in the formation of the diploid zygote (2x).

21. Answer: (c) surface of ovuliferous scale

Explanation:The tegmen surrounds fleshy endosperm. Inside the endosperm is present in the embryo. At maturity of seed, a thin layer of ovuliferous scale fuses with testa to form a wing (i.e., seeds are winged) which helps in the dispersal of seed.

22. Answer: (a) red algae

Explanation: Agar is a jelly-like material that is derived from Red Algae. The jelly material in algae is due to the presence of unbranched polysaccharides obtained from the cell walls of the red algae.

23. Answer: (d) Green Algae

Explanation: Red rust disease of tea is caused by algae of the genus Cephaleuros. Cephaleuros is a genus of parasitic simple green algae consisting of fourteen species. Its common name is red rust. Hence the disease caused by it is termed as red rust disease.

24. Answer:(a) gymnosperms

Explanation: All cells are haploid. The zygote is developed by the union of one male gamete with the egg and the endosperm is developed by the union of another male gamete with the two polar nuclei. This event is called double fertilization. The correct answer is option (A) Angiosperms.

25. Answer: (c) water

Explanation: In pteridophytes and bryophytes, water is essential for the transport of male gametes. To enter the female gamete, the male gamete requires water through which it can move. In many basic plants, water acts as the channel by which gamete transfer takes place.

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